Uchida-Kraepelin performance test and "concentration"

Can't you stay focused?
Is the limit of concentration 90 minutes?
How to improve your concentration?

Nowadays, there is a lot of information about "concentration".
If you're having trouble concentrating, there are likely to be a variety of measures, but different personalities will have different effective measures.
In this column, we will consider the personality of concentration from the Uchida-Kraepelin performance test.

First of all, what is concentration?

If you draw "concentration" in Kojien,
"The ability to sustain consciousness and attention to something."
There is.
Next, when you pull "power", some meanings are lined up,
"② Ki. Mental power. Perseverance. Spirit root."
"③ Capability."
The definition of "concentration" in this column is
"Mental power, patience or Capability to sustain consciousness and attention toward something"
Let's leave it as.

Do you need "power" to concentrate?

For those who think that "I can't concentrate even if I try to concentrate" and "I can't concentrate immediately", I feel that "power" is indispensable to concentrate.
However, if you look at a lot of Uchida-Kraepelin performance test sheets, you can see that there are quite a few people who seem to be naturally in a state of concentration or persistent, so is "power" essential to concentrate? That doesn't seem to be the case.

For example, among the " five characteristics related to behavior and personality " shown in the Results of the Uchida-Kraepelin performance test , the type in which " Sensitivity" is Low(in many cases, "Flexibility" is also Low) is It is known that the following tendencies are often seen in daily activities.

  • When it comes to strengths, it is calm and calm. Demonstrates stable performance with little unevenness in mood changes.
  • The disadvantage is that you cannot flexibly change the pace of your actions according to your surroundings. It may give the impression of indifference or lack of sensitivity.

There seems to be a mechanism of "unconsciously concentrating" at the bottom of this tendency.
This is the reason for the above clinical findings.

  • When it comes out as an advantage, you are calm and calm because you concentrate unconsciously. Since you concentrate unconsciously, there is little unevenness in mood changes, and you concentrate unconsciously, so you can demonstrate stable performance.
  • The disadvantage is that you can't flexibly change the pace of your actions according to your surroundings because you concentrate unconsciously. It seems that it may give the impression of indifference or lack of sensitivity because it concentrates unconsciously.

It seems that this type of people does not need "power" to stay focused.

It's enviable for those who can't (think) concentrate, but if you look at the "weaknesses", you'll see another side.

"Power" is required when switching between concentrated states

From the above "weaknesses", it is difficult for a person who "concentrates unconsciously" to consciously "disfocus" or "switch the focus" to what is required (weak or not). , I have no intention of doing it).
In other words, it suggests that just as people who cannot concentrate need "power" to concentrate, those who unconsciously concentrate need "power" to get out of concentration.

"I would concentrate unconsciously" trend, people (ie working curve is upward-sloping of people) in the "Adaptability of" Low direction "Tenaciousnessof" High direction will be seen to.
However, the way (progress) of concentration is different between those who are Low in " Sensitivity " and those who are "people whose working curve is rising to the right".
People who Low " Sensitivity to concentrate naturally, but "people whose working curve rises to the right" concentrate more and more as time goes by when they start doing something. I tend to go. It may be easier to understand that you are immersing yourself, enthusiastic about it, and going all the way.

People with Moderate to High " Adaptability " are more likely to create a "consciously focused state." The Uchida-Kraepelin performance test involves two 15-minute tasks in the first and second halves with a break, but most people have the highest amount of work in the first 1-3 minutes (early) in both the first and second halves.
This is considered to be the action of will tension, that is, the state in which conscious concentration is directly reflected in the increase in the amount of work.

However, the more if the "Adaptability of" High, early and because it difference of the subsequent amount of work we will become large (over time and the amount of work will down visibly), concentration is maintained It can be said that the time that can be done is not long.

Also, it seems that people with High " Flexibility " can easily create a "consciously concentrated state" when ❝ is in good condition ❞, but since their mental state is likely to change, it is always the same. I'm not good at doing it.

Just as there are unconscious and conscious things in the "concentrated state", there are likely to be two states in the "non-concentrated state": a relaxed state and a hypersensitive state. ..

People with High " Adaptability" and "Flexibility " seem to naturally relax when they lose concentration.

People with High " Sensitivity " are often in a state of hypersensitivity, which is "not focused on specific things, but a state of tension to respond to unexpected events. I'm maintaining it. " This is the reason why people often say that they "notice" at work or school.

The highlight of "power" by type

Below are some types of advice to help you focus efficiently, based on your thoughts.
Adaptability x Flexibility x Sensitivity x Tenaciousness appear in combination.
Knowing yourself, your subordinates, and the types of members will help you better Control your concentration.

Low direction High direction
Adaptability

I am not good at changing the current situation.
Even if you try to start something forcibly, you will not get a heavy back, so first of all, please put "power" to understand why you need to do things.
If you don't have the time, don't aim for perfection, just start.
Also, once you get started, try to keep doing things as little as possible (without taking a break).

Those who are good at consciously concentrating.
However, it is also a feature that it does not last long, so it seems good to get rid of all the things you have to do at once.
When you have to concentrate for a long time, save your "power" to prevent sudden fatigue and loss of motivation.
If you still can't concentrate, take a break. He is also good at consciously releasing his concentration.

Flexibility

I usually concentrate on something I like, and I'm not good at switching feelings.
If you can concentrate naturally, it's okay, but if you don't, you can team up with other people, Control the time allocation with a timer, or strengthen the external stimulus to return to the original state. It is a good idea to devise so that there is no such thing.

There is a feature that performance is liable to change depending on the condition.
Be careful about your condition and get rid of all the things you have to do when the condition is good.
When the condition is bad, it is a good idea to wait for the change without trying to force it, but if you have to do it, it is better to concentrate on it for a short time or work with other people. prize.

Sensitivity

There is always a tendency to worry about something.
It's a good idea to create an environment where you can feel at ease, do routine work to relax before you start things, and reduce internal and external stimuli.

Tenaciousness

It has the characteristic that it tends to lose concentration and motivation over time.
What you have to do is to break the time short and get rid of it quickly.
If the condition is bad, the first thing to do is to prepare the condition. It's also a good idea to partner with others or take advantage of external stimuli.

It tends to be heavy, but once you start doing it, it tends to get stuck, so please put "power" into starting it anyway.
Also, in order to maintain concentration, it is good to take measures such as not doing extra things on the way and keeping out of the way from the surroundings.



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